GLASS CEILING (TITLE VII)
Glass Ceiling cases involve women and other marginalized groups being subjected to discriminatory employment practices disadvantaging their hiring or promotion on the basis of protected immutable characteristics. Glass ceiling barriers have a disparate adverse impact on women and other minority communities in the workplace and can be unlawful, whether intentionally erected or not. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 clearly prohibits employers from placing barriers to prevent the advancement of women or other marginalized groups due to bias. An example of this unlawful behavior would be a woman of color who toils at the same job as her white male colleagues, and has identical or greater qualifications, but never receives a raise or promotion to a higher position.